2018 Alphabet Challenge: E - Espalier
2018 alphabet challenge
E - Espalier (entry for July 1, 2018)
espalier (verb) - to prune to create a main vertical stem, then train the side branches to achieve the desired shape. Typically the shape is in a single plane, and most commonly along a flat wall.
espalier (noun) - a plant, usually a tree, and most commonly a fruit tree, that has been pruned as described above.
The two objects featured in this montage for 'espalier' are a sculpture, 'Espaliered Girl' by Laura Ford, (bronze, 2007, Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park), and a living espalier of an apple tree, which is part of a wall of several such espaliers that borders the Herb Garden at the Toledo Botanical Garden.
The practice of espaliering plants has a utilitarian purpose, which is to use limited space in a garden more efficiently, and to capture and transmit heat to the plant to help it survive in cold environments and to induce it to produce fruit earlier in the season. Even so, the practice has a decorative, and even an artistic element, so I didn't feel it was too much of a stretch to include an example of the real thing along with my chosen art for this week's challenge entry.
Created June 27, 2018 from photos taken October 26, 2017 and June 25, 2018. The photos and this assembly of them are copyrighted.
Full sized versions of the sculpture in the montage are in this gallery, which is sorted by artists' last names:
https://arctangent.smugmug.com/Art/Art-at-Meijer-Gardens/Sculptures-grouped-locations-Meijer-Gardens/Sculptures-Sculpture-Park-Meijer-Gardens/. More images of the espalier wall in the Toledo Botanical Garden are here: https://arctangent.smugmug.com/Places-By-Type/Arboretums-and-Botanical/Toledo-Botanical-Garden/
Other photos to which I have given starter comments are collected here, to make them easier to find: https://arctangent.smugmug.com/ExploreSampleSavorEnjoy/What-I-and-other-viewers-like/Starting-conversations/
arctangentcreated 2018Junephotos taken 2017 and 2018artsculpturebronzealphabet challengeabc challengemontagecollagecompositepppost processingletter EMeijer GardensFrederik Meijer Gardens Sculpture ParkGrand RapidsEspaliered GirlLaura Fordgarden espalierapple tree espalierToledo Botanical GardenOhio